Microsoft Windows - 'USP10!otlValueRecord::adjustPos' Uniscribe Font Processing Out-of-Bounds Memory Read

EDB-ID: 42240
Author: Google Security Research
Published: 2017-06-23
CVE: CVE-2017-0289
Type: Dos
Platform: Windows
Aliases: N/A
Advisory/Source: Link
Tags: N/A
Vulnerable App: N/A

We have encountered a crash in the Windows Uniscribe user-mode library, in the USP10!otlValueRecord::adjustPos function, while trying to display text using a corrupted TTF font file:

(470.4d4): Access violation - code c0000005 (first chance)
First chance exceptions are reported before any exception handling.
This exception may be expected and handled.
eax=00000000 ebx=03546538 ecx=0017e9c4 edx=0353961e esi=0017eda4 edi=0353961c
eip=77509f2e esp=0017e96c ebp=0017e97c iopl=0 nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=001b ss=0023 ds=0023 es=0023 fs=003b gs=0000 efl=00010246
77509f2e 668b17 mov dx,word ptr [edi] ds:0023:0353961c=????
0:000> kb
# ChildEBP RetAddr Args to Child
00 0017e97c 775071b1 0017eda4 03546538 035464ac USP10!otlValueRecord::adjustPos+0x7e
01 0017ea04 7750168c 0017edbc 00000005 0017ecbc USP10!otlPairPosLookup::apply+0x1a1
02 0017ea78 775039f1 00000002 0017edbc 0017edb0 USP10!ApplyLookup+0x40c
03 0017ec7c 774ff1d1 534f5047 0017edf4 0017edbc USP10!ApplyFeatures+0x481
04 0017ecc8 774fb28b 00000000 00000000 0017edf4 USP10!RePositionOtlGlyphs+0x1c1
05 0017ecfc 774f7df3 0017ed94 0017ede0 0017edf4 USP10!ShapingLibraryInternal::RePositionOtlGlyphsWithLanguageFallback+0x2b
06 0017ef68 774e5bee 0017f0b8 0017f0c0 0017f0a4 USP10!GenericEngineGetGlyphPositions+0x8a3
07 0017f03c 774e2d8a 0017f0b8 0017f0c0 0017f0a4 USP10!ShapingGetGlyphPositions+0x40e
08 0017f134 774b5e45 af0106d0 03546124 035463dc USP10!ShlPlace+0x20a
09 0017f178 774c193d af0106d0 03546124 035463dc USP10!ScriptPlace+0x165
0a 0017f1d4 774c2bd4 00000000 00000000 0017f254 USP10!RenderItemNoFallback+0x2ed
0b 0017f200 774c2e62 00000000 00000000 0017f254 USP10!RenderItemWithFallback+0x104
0c 0017f224 774c43f9 00000000 0017f254 03546124 USP10!RenderItem+0x22
0d 0017f268 774b7a04 000004a0 00000400 af0106d0 USP10!ScriptStringAnalyzeGlyphs+0x1e9
0e 0017f280 760a1736 af0106d0 03546040 0000000a USP10!ScriptStringAnalyse+0x284
0f 0017f2cc 760a18c1 af0106d0 0017f750 0000000a LPK!LpkStringAnalyse+0xe5
10 0017f3c8 760a17b4 af0106d0 00000000 00000000 LPK!LpkCharsetDraw+0x332
11 0017f3fc 77df56a9 af0106d0 00000000 00000000 LPK!LpkDrawTextEx+0x40
12 0017f43c 77df5a64 af0106d0 00000060 00000000 USER32!DT_DrawStr+0x13c
13 0017f488 77df580f af0106d0 0017f750 0017f764 USER32!DT_GetLineBreak+0x78
14 0017f534 77df5882 af0106d0 00000000 0000000a USER32!DrawTextExWorker+0x250
15 0017f558 77df5b68 af0106d0 0017f750 ffffffff USER32!DrawTextExW+0x1e

The issue reproduces on Windows 7, and could be potentially used to disclose sensitive data from the process heap. It is easiest to reproduce with PageHeap enabled, but it is also possible to observe a crash in a default system configuration. In order to reproduce the problem with the provided samples, it might be necessary to use a custom program which displays all of the font's glyphs at various point sizes.

Attached are 3 proof of concept malformed font files which trigger the crash.

Proof of Concept:

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