Sudo get_process_ttyname() Race Condition

Sudo's get_process_ttyname() on Linux suffers from a race condition that allows for root privilege escalation.


MD5 | 5eda82fe13ce7a497c72ac993b7334e1


Qualys Security Advisory

CVE-2017-1000367 in Sudo's get_process_ttyname() for Linux


========================================================================
Contents
========================================================================

Analysis
Exploitation
Example
Acknowledgments


========================================================================
Analysis
========================================================================

We discovered a vulnerability in Sudo's get_process_ttyname() for Linux:
this function opens "/proc/[pid]/stat" (man proc) and reads the device
number of the tty from field 7 (tty_nr). Unfortunately, these fields are
space-separated and field 2 (comm, the filename of the command) can
contain spaces (CVE-2017-1000367).

For example, if we execute Sudo through the symlink "./ 1 ",
get_process_ttyname() calls sudo_ttyname_dev() to search for the
non-existent tty device number "1" in the built-in search_devs[].

Next, sudo_ttyname_dev() calls the function sudo_ttyname_scan() to
search for this non-existent tty device number "1" in a breadth-first
traversal of "/dev".

Last, we exploit this function during its traversal of the
world-writable "/dev/shm": through this vulnerability, a local user can
pretend that his tty is any character device on the filesystem, and
after two race conditions, he can pretend that his tty is any file on
the filesystem.

On an SELinux-enabled system, if a user is Sudoer for a command that
does not grant him full root privileges, he can overwrite any file on
the filesystem (including root-owned files) with his command's output,
because relabel_tty() (in src/selinux.c) calls open(O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK)
on his tty and dup2()s it to the command's stdin, stdout, and stderr.
This allows any Sudoer user to obtain full root privileges.


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Exploitation
========================================================================

To exploit this vulnerability, we:

- create a directory "/dev/shm/_tmp" (to work around
/proc/sys/fs/protected_symlinks), and a symlink "/dev/shm/_tmp/_tty"
to a non-existent pty "/dev/pts/57", whose device number is 34873;

- run Sudo through a symlink "/dev/shm/_tmp/ 34873 " that spoofs the
device number of this non-existent pty;

- set the flag CD_RBAC_ENABLED through the command-line option "-r role"
(where "role" can be our current role, for example "unconfined_r");

- monitor our directory "/dev/shm/_tmp" (for an IN_OPEN inotify event)
and wait until Sudo opendir()s it (because sudo_ttyname_dev() cannot
find our non-existent pty in "/dev/pts/");

- SIGSTOP Sudo, call openpty() until it creates our non-existent pty,
and SIGCONT Sudo;

- monitor our directory "/dev/shm/_tmp" (for an IN_CLOSE_NOWRITE inotify
event) and wait until Sudo closedir()s it;

- SIGSTOP Sudo, replace the symlink "/dev/shm/_tmp/_tty" to our
now-existent pty with a symlink to the file that we want to overwrite
(for example "/etc/passwd"), and SIGCONT Sudo;

- control the output of the command executed by Sudo (the output that
overwrites "/etc/passwd"):

. either through a command-specific method;

. or through a general method such as "--\nHELLO\nWORLD\n" (by
default, getopt() prints an error message to stderr if it does not
recognize an option character).

To reliably win the two SIGSTOP races, we preempt the Sudo process: we
setpriority() it to the lowest priority, sched_setscheduler() it to
SCHED_IDLE, and sched_setaffinity() it to the same CPU as our exploit.


========================================================================
Example
========================================================================

We will publish our Sudoer-to-root exploit
(Linux_sudo_CVE-2017-1000367.c) in the near future:

[john@localhost ~]$ head -n 8 /etc/passwd
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
bin:x:1:1:bin:/bin:/sbin/nologin
daemon:x:2:2:daemon:/sbin:/sbin/nologin
adm:x:3:4:adm:/var/adm:/sbin/nologin
lp:x:4:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/sbin/nologin
sync:x:5:0:sync:/sbin:/bin/sync
shutdown:x:6:0:shutdown:/sbin:/sbin/shutdown
halt:x:7:0:halt:/sbin:/sbin/halt

[john@localhost ~]$ sudo -l
[sudo] password for john:
...
User john may run the following commands on localhost:
(ALL) /usr/bin/sum

[john@localhost ~]$ ./Linux_sudo_CVE-2017-1000367 /usr/bin/sum $'--\nHELLO\nWORLD\n'
[sudo] password for john:

[john@localhost ~]$ head -n 8 /etc/passwd
/usr/bin/sum: unrecognized option '--
HELLO
WORLD
'
Try '/usr/bin/sum --help' for more information.
ogin
adm:x:3:4:adm:/var/adm:/sbin/nologin
lp:x:4:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/sbin/nologin


========================================================================
Acknowledgments
========================================================================

We thank Todd C. Miller for his great work and quick response, and the
members of the distros list for their help with the disclosure of this
vulnerability.




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